Technical Dictionary

OCID Dataset Overview

Data Use Agreements

The Oregon Child Integrated Dataset (OCID) was established through standardized data use agreement (DUA) terms and language to ensure consistency and stability across agency agreements for multiple years. Currently, OCID receives data from the following agencies: Oregon Health Authority, Oregon Department of Education, Oregon Department of Human Services, Oregon Youth Authority, and Integrated Client Services.

The duration of each agreement is four years, with annual or semiannual data refreshes depending on the source. Current agreements last through 2023, and allow for continued analysis of the data for five additional years (ending in 2028).

OCID does not contain identifiable protected information, and the project’s research protocol falls under the regulatory oversight of the Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) Institutional Review Board. In order to protect the identities of individuals in the OCID population, and in adherence to data use agreements covering release of the data, results are suppressed if they do not meet minimum reporting thresholds. Criteria for public reporting include:

  • Numerator ≥11 (or equal to 0, if the denominator is also 0)
  • Denominator ≥51 (or equal to 0, in which case “N/A” is displayed)

Additional logic ensures that suppressed results are not able to be calculated by subtraction – even if this entails suppressing results that otherwise meet public reporting criteria. As a result, not all dashboard filter combinations yield reportable results.

OCID Data Integration

The OCID data integration process begins with state agencies/programs submitting participant data to Integrated Client Services (ICS), a shared Oregon DHS/OHA resource. ICS matches individuals across datasets based on personal identifiers (e.g. name, date of birth, and zip code) and creates a unique study identifier for each person. The study identifier is added to each dataset, and personal identifiers are subsequently stripped before the program data are delivered to the Center for Health Systems Effectiveness.

 

OCID Assumptions

While expansive and rich, the OCID data does not include all key elements of a child’s life circumstances. The OCID team makes the following key assumptions in the course of their work:

  • OCID children are associated with “parents” from the birth certificate, who may or may not play an active role throughout their lives.
  • Absent any information to the contrary (e.g. school enrollment records indicating a transfer out of state), OCID children are presumed to be 1) alive, and 2) still residing in Oregon.
  • OCID analysts use unique study identifiers generated by Integrated Client Services (ICS) to link data for individuals across agency and program datasets. The project team relies on the accuracy of these linkages.
  • Agency and program information are assumed to be correct, regardless of the method of collection.

The OCID team works closely with agency and program staff to understand the data elements included in OCID, standard practices around the calculation of key metrics, and the broader policy context for presentation of these data. 

OCID Population

The OCID population is defined as Oregon-resident births from 2001 onwards, including infants along with their parents as identified on the birth certificate. This construction has important implications to the cohort composition:

  • The OCID population grows over time, as more children are born into it (thereby adding their parents).
  • The OCID population is by definition restricted to “Oregon-born” children and does not include the estimated 22% of Oregon residents under 18 years who were born outside of Oregon (or their parents).

To the extent that OCID-generated information does not align with results published by state agencies or programs, the strongest explanatory factor is oftentimes the fact that OCID does not represent complete program enrollment.

Explore the OCID population

Dashboard Indicator Descriptions

Birth Weight

Visit the Birth Weight dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Total live births in Oregon, to mothers residing in Oregon (“Oregon-resident births”)

Numerator:

Healthy Birth Weight: birth weight is 2,500 grams or more
Low Birth Weight: birth weight is fewer than 2,500 grams

Source:

Oregon Health Authority (OHA), Public Health Division, Vital Records – Center for Health Statistics (birth certificates)

Other notes:

  • Given that this indicator is measured at the time of birth, the “county” view, when applied to this indicator, relies solely on the birth county as indicated on the birth certificate. The birth county may or may not correspond to the county of residence – for example, the county of residence may not have a hospital or the mother may have been travelling at the time of birth. Counties without a hospital may have too few births to meet public reporting criteria.

Comparison of OCID* to OHA Public Health Division calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the OHA website.

OCID – Low Birth Weight

    Low birth weight (< 2,500 g)
Birth year Total births a Count Rate per 1,000 births
2001 44,578 2,449 54.9
2002 44,467 2,552 57.4
2003 45,165 2,753 61.0
2004 44,814 2,667 59.5
2005 45,123 2,739 60.7
2006 47,707 2,857 59.9
2007 48,482 2,942 60.7
2008 48,196 2,900 60.2
2009 46,338 2,882 62.2
2010 44,721 2,777 62.1
2011 44,259 2,674 60.4
2012 44,169 2,676 60.6
2013 44,214 2,757 62.4
2014 44,684 2,775 62.1
2015 44,711 2,821 63.1
2016 44,595 2,869 64.3
2017 42,760 2,885 67.5

Public Health a – Low Birth Weight

    Low birth weight (< 2,500 g)
Birth year Total births Count Rate per 1,000 births
2001 45,318 2,518 55.6
2002 45,190 2,617 57.9
2003 45,935 2,822 61.4
2004 45,660 2,764 60.5
2005 45,905 2,808 61.2
2006 48,684 2,971 61.0
2007 49,373 3,011 61.0
2008 49,117 2,980 60.7
2009 47,188 2,974 63.0
2010 45,596 2,873 63.0
2011 45,136 2,769 61.4
2012 45,059 2,778 61.7
2013 45,136 2,845 63.0
2014 45,557 2,847 62.5
2015 45,656 2,931 64.2
2016 45,533 2,980 65.5
2017 43,630 2,981 68.3

* Results may vary from the Child Well-being Dashboard displays due to additional dashboard inclusion criteria.
a Source: Oregon Public Health Division, Vital Statistics Annual Reports. https://www.oregon.gov/oha/ph/birthdeathcertificates/vitalstatistics/annualreports/volume1/Pages/index.aspx

Foster Care Participation: Early Childhood

Visit the Foster Care Participation dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born children ages 0 through 4 during the measurement year

Numerator:

Children who experience one or more foster care placements during the measurement year

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS)

Other notes:

  • The indicator does not distinguish between children with one placement and children with multiple placements.
  • OCID denominator is based on all Oregon-resident births. Some of these children will have moved out of the state prior to age 5, but may still be counted in the denominator. As a result, our denominator is likely to be inflated respective to the number of children actually living in the state and “eligible” for Oregon foster care placements. This dynamic will likely result in underreporting the actual rate of foster care participation among Oregon-born children.

Comparison of OCID* to Oregon DHS calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the DHS website.

OCID – Foster Care Participation: Ages 0-4

    ≥ 1 foster care placement
Year Total children Count %
2001 a
2002 a
2003 a
2004 a
2005 a
2006 227,274 4,728 2.08
2007 231,289 4,316 1.87
2008 234,320 3,978 1.70
2009 235,844 3,784 1.60
2010 235,442 3,929 1.67
2011 231,993 3,765 1.62
2012 227,680 3,614 1.59
2013 223,698 3,416 1.53
2014 222,043 3,188 1.44
2015 222,030 3,146 1.42
2016 222,366 3,297 1.48
2017 220,956 3,520 1.59

DHS b – Foster Care Particiption: Ages 0-5

    ≥ 1 foster care placement
Year Total children c Count c %
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009 284,210 5,192 1.83
2010 284,939 5,168 1.81
2011 284,357 5,025 1.77
2012 282,077 4,724 1.67
2013 279,692 4,683 1.67
2014 278,680 4,279 1.54
2015 279,665 4,328 1.55
2016 281,935 4,409 1.56
2017 282,339 4,707 1.67

* Results may vary from the Child Well-being Dashboard displays due to additional dashboard inclusion criteria.
a Because the OCID study population was born in years 2001 and later, we do not observe a full 0-4 year age cohort until 2006.
b Source: Oregon DHB annual Child Welfare Data Books. Online. Available: https://www.oregon.gov/DHS/children/child-abuse/Pages/Data-Publications.aspx.
c Source: Puzzanchera, C., Sladky, A. and Kang, W. (2019). “Easy Access to Juvenile Populations: 1990-2018.” Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezapop/. Accessed Nov 26, 2019. Filters: Oregon, ages 0-20.

Child Maltreatment: Early Childhood

Visit the Child Maltreatment dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born children ages 0 through 4 during the measurement year

Numerator:

Children experiencing substantiated child maltreatment during the measurement year

 

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS)

Other notes:

  • OCID denominator is based on all Oregon resident births. Some of these children will have moved out of the state prior to age 5, but may still be counted in the denominator. As a result, the denominator is likely to be inflated respective to the number of children actually living in the state and “eligible” for reports of maltreatment with Oregon’s DHS. This dynamic will likely result in underreporting the rate of maltreatment among Oregon-born children.

Comparison of OCID* to DHS calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the DHS website.

OCID – Child Maltreatment: Ages 0-4

≥ 1 substantiated maltreatment
Year Total children Count %
2001 a
2002 a
2003 a
2004 a
2005 a
2006 227,274 3,568 1.57
2007 231,289 3,327 1.44
2008 234,320 3,365 1.44
2009 235,844 3,541 1.50
2010 235,442 3,614 1.53
2011 231,993 3,679 1.59
2012 227,681 3,500 1.54
2013 223,699 2,984 1.33
2014 222,044 3,302 1.49
2015 222,033 3,302 1.49
2016 222,368 3,464 1.56
2017 220,958 3,895 1.76

DHS b – Child Maltreatment: Ages 0-5

≥ 1 substantiated maltreatment
Year Total children c Count c %
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005 226,117 4,851 2.15
2006 228,634 5,156 2.26
2007 232,935 4,615 1.98
2008 236,053 4,417 1.87
2009 237,520 4,675 1.97
2010 237,602 4,695 1.98
2011 236,350 4,889 2.07
2012 233,516 4,180 1.79
2013 231,010 4,454 1.93
2014 231,141 3,977 1.72
2015 231,774 4,211 1.82
2016 234,004 4,750 2.03
2017 234,789 4,358 1.86

* Results may vary from the Child Well-being Dashboard displays due to additional dashboard includsion criteria.
a Because the OCID study population was born in years 2001 and later, we do not observe a full 0-4 year age cohort until 2006.
b Source: Oregon DHS annual Child Welfare Data Books. Online. Available: https://www.oregon.gov/DHS/children/child-abuse/Pages/Data-Publications.aspx.
c Source: Puzzanchera, C., Sladky, A. and Kang, W. (2019). “Easy Access to Juvenile Populations: 1990-2018.” Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/ezapop/. Accessed Nov 26, 2019. Filters: Oregon, ages 0-20.

Kindergarten Assessment: Approaches to Learning & Early Literacy

Visit the Kindergarten Assessment dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Total students with a valid Kindergarten Assessment by component.

Average score:

Reported measure is the average (mean) raw score. Scores from each component are depicted along a developmental continuum that describes the skills typical students should be able to demonstrate upon entry to kindergarten. This continuum varies by component.

Approaches to Learning: Average score across the 15-item Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), with each individual item and the final average reported on a 1-5 scale

  • Developing: score between 1.00-2.90
  • Approaching: score between 2.91-3.99
  • Demonstrating: score between 4.00-5.00

Early Literacy:

Uppercase English Letters: Average score out of a total of 26 possible points

  • Developing: identify 0-7 uppercase letters
  • Approaching: identify 8-17 uppercase letters
  • Demonstrating: identify 18 or more uppercase letters

Lowercase English Letters: Average score out of a total of 26 possible points

  • Developing: identify 0-4 lowercase letters
  • Approaching: identify 5-14 lowercase letters
  • Demonstrating: identify 15 or more lowercase letters

English Letter Sounds: Average score out of a total of 26 possible points

  • Developing: identify 0-3 sounds
  • Approaching: identify 4-6 sounds
  • Demonstrating: identify 7 or more sounds

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • OCID reports data for the Early Literacy assessment starting in 2016 because this is when Oregon Department of Education first released interpretive guidance. Additionally, the assessment itself has remained the same since this time.
  • OCID reports data for the Approaches to Learning assessment starting in 2013 because the assessment has remained constant over time and interpretative guidance has been available since this time.

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – Kindergarten Assessment:
Approaches to Learning

School year Total students Average score
2013-14 32,996 3.7
2014-15 32,374 3.7
2015-16 31,443 3.6
2016-17 32,057 3.6
2017-18 32,237 3.6

ODE a – Kindergarten Assessment:
Approaches to Learning

School year Total students Average score
2013-14 41,333 3.6
2014-15 40,684 3.7
2015-16 40,389 3.6
2016-17 40,770 3.6
2017-18 40,967 3.6

OCID – Kindergarten Assessment:
Early Literacy

Component School
year
Total students Average
score
English
Letter
Sounds
2013-14 32,416 6.4
2014-15 31,927 6.3
2015-16 30,661 7.0
2016-17 31,523 8.6
2017-18 31,731 7.9
English
Letter
Names
2013-14 32,269 18.0
2014-15 31,936 17.2
2015-16 30,836 18.0
2016-17 Uppercase: 31,715 14.5
Lowercase: 31,702 12.2
2017-18 Uppercase: 31,818 14.2
Lowercase: 31,801 11.8

ODE a – Kindergarten Assessment:
Early Literacy

Component School
year
Total students Average
score
English
Letter
Sounds
2013-14 40,358 6.7
2014-15 39,847 6.6
2015-16 39,304 7.4
2016-17 40,082 8.9
2017-18 40,379 8.2
English
Letter
Names
2013-14 40,729 18.5
2014-15 39,991 17.7
2015-16 39,800 18.5
2016-17 Uppercase: 40,330 14.8
Lowercase: 40,311 12.5
2017-18 Uppercase: 40,485 14.5
Lowercase: 40,467 12.1

* Results may vary from the Child Well-being Dashboard displays due to additional dashboard inclusion criteria.
a Source: https://www.oregon.gov/ode/educator-resources/assessment/Pages/Kindergarten-Assessment.aspx”

3rd Grade Assessments: Reading & Math

Visit the 3rd Grade Assessment dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Total 3rd grade students with a valid assessment

Numerator:

Meets 3rd Grade Reading/Math: count of students meeting or exceeding grade-level proficiency
Below 3rd Grade Reading/Math: count of students below grade-level proficiency

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • Some students are assessed multiple times in a single academic year. Under the guidance of Oregon’s Department of Education (ODE), we have applied the following business rules to select a single assessment result per student:
    • Enrolled grade = 3
    • Student is enrolled on May 1
    • Assessment is the student’s “best” result
    • Assessment is valid
    • Student is not a first-year English language learner
  • In the 2011-12 school year, Oregon public schools increased the threshold for meeting 3rd Grade Reading standards, from a score of 204 to a score of 211. The 3rd Grade Math standards did not have a scoring change. In the 2014-15 school year, Oregon public schools changed to new 3rd Grade Reading and Math assessments, from the OAKS tool to Smarter Balanced. Results before and after these changes are not directly comparable. Under ODE’s guidance we are reporting longitudinal performance with appropriate annotations to inform the user of relevant changes that may drive measure results.

We were not able to apply the business rule pertaining to students who didn’t test because our data did not include the required field; ODE has informed us that the number of cases excluded by this field are “negligible to non-existent in all years.”

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – 3rd Grade Reading

    Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 a
2006-07 a
2007-08 a
2008-09 a
2009-10 19,271 16,340 84.8
2010-11 30,026 25,764 85.8
2011-12 30,773 22,008 71.5
2012-13 30,758 20,838 67.7
2013-14 30,939 20,645 66.7
2014-15 32,385 14,532 44.9
2015-16 33,094 15,614 47.2
2016-17 33,199 14,780 44.5

ODE b – 3rd Grade Reading

    Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 87.1
2006-07 81.5
2007-08
2008-09 82.8
2009-10 82.8
2010-11 83.4
2011-12 70.1
2012-13 66.4
2013-14 66.0
2014-15 45.6
2015-16 47.4
2016-17

OCID – 3rd Grade Math

    Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 a
2006-07 a
2007-08 a
2008-09 a
2009-10 19,359 15,472 79.9
2010-11 30,111 19,316 64.1
2011-12 30,771 20,049 65.2
2012-13 30,938 19,313 62.4
2013-14 31,070 18,551 59.7
2014-15 32,254 14,569 45.0
2015-16 33,008 15,710 47.6
2016-17 33,107 14,982 45.3

ODE c – 3rd Grade Math

    Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 86.2
2006-07 69.4
2007-08
2008-09 76.5
2009-10 78.5
2010-11 62.7
2011-12 63.9
2012-13 61.4
2013-14 60.0
2014-15 45.6
2015-16 47.5
2016-17

* Results may vary from the Child Well-being Dashboard displays due to additional dashboard inclusion criteria.
a Because the OCID study population was born in years 2001 and later, we do not observe 3rd grade student cohorts prior to 2009-10.
b Source: https://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/tables/2551-3rd-grade-reading-proficiency#detailed/2/any/false/1536, 1460,1249, 1120,1024,937,809,1374,822,1375/any/5306
c Source: https://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/tables/2552-3rd-grade-math-proficiency#detailed/2/any/false/1536,1460,1249,1120,1024,937,809,1374,822,1375/any/5308

Students Experiencing Homelessness

Visit the Student Homelessness dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born students enrolled in Oregon public K-12 education at any point during the academic year

Numerator:

Homeless: Students identified as experiencing homelessness (McKinney-Vento eligible) for any duration of the academic year; includes students residing in shared housing (“doubling up”), shelters, motels/hotels, and unsheltered
Not homeless: Students not identified as experiencing homelessness (McKinney-Vento eligible) during the academic year

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • Students who have migrated into the state (i.e. non-Oregon resident births) are more likely to represent racial/ethnic minorities. ODE reporting shows that non-white students, with the exception of Asian students, experience homelessness in greater proportions. This may partially explain OCID’s lower percentage of reported homelessness, relative to ODE reported figures.
  • OCID includes Oregon resident births from 2001 forward. As a result, the current data include students in kindergarten through a “partial” grade 10 cohort (students born Sep-Dec 2001). As infants continue to be born into the OCID population and existing children continue to progress through school, OCID will cover a broader range of school grade cohorts. Current state totals represent a younger age/grade demographic than complete statewide figures.

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – Student Homelessness

    Homeless
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 a
2006-07 a
2007-08 a
2008-09 a
2009-10 a
2010-11 a
2011-12 a
2012-13 197,907 5,612 2.8
2013-14 232,865 6,858 2.9
2014-15 266,773 8,225 3.1
2015-16 299,930 9,354 3.1
2016-17 331,720 10,678 3.2

ODE b – Student Homelessness

    Homeless
School year Total students Count %
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08 559,708 15,859 2.8
2008-09 558,522 18,051 3.2
2009-10 556,171 19,040 3.4
2010-11 558,558 20,545 3.7
2011-12 558,056 20,370 3.7
2012-13 563,714 18,165 3.2
2013-14 564,241 18,902 3.3
2014-15 570,857 20,524 3.6
2015-16 575,787 21,340 3.7
2016-17 578,381 22,541 3.9

* Results may vary from the Child Well-being Dashboard displays due to additional dashboard inclusion criteria.
a Did not receive data prior to 2012-13, due to change in ODE collection methodology.
b Source: Homeless Student County: State Summary Data 16-17. https://www.oregon.gov/ode/schools-anddistricts/grants/esea/mckinney-vento/pages/default.aspx

School Attendance

Visit the School Attendance dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born students enrolled in Oregon public K-12 education for at least 75 instructional days in an academic year

Numerator:

Regular Attendance: students present more than 90% of instructional days
Chronic Absence: students present 90% or fewer instructional days

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • “Instructional days” are calculated individually for each student as the sum of “present days” + “absent days” across all enrollment segments (e.g. in the case of attending multiple schools) during the academic year.
  • Indicator excludes students for whom grade is unknown or unclassified (“UE”).
  • Indicator does not include students that attend home or private schools, or were born outside of Oregon – hence smaller denominators than the total enrollment reported by ODE.

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – Regular Attendance, 2016-17

    Regular attendance
Grade Total students Count %
KG 32,195 25,369 78.8
1 33,477 27,805 83.1
2 34,427 29,361 85.3
3 35,234 30,154 85.6
4 34,775 29,779 85.6
5 33,280 28,481 85.6
6 31,660 26,248 82.9
7 31,300 24,994 79.9
8 30,912 23,942 77.5
9 30,301 23,299 76.9
10 a 18,958 13,799 72.8
11 a

ODE b – Regular Attendance, 2016-17

    Regular attendance
Grade Total students Count %
KG 40,258 31,924 79.3
1 41,456 34,572 83.4
2 42,827 36,547 85.3
3 44,442 38,221 86.0
4 44,495 38,388 86.3
5 43,694 37,605 86.1
6 42,258 35,654 84.4
7 42,381 34,724 81.9
8 42,184 33,582 79.6
9 42,050 33,615 79.9
10 41,951 31,610 75.3
11 40,011 28,508 71.3

* Results may vary from the Child Well-being Dashboard displays due to additional dashboard inclusion criteria.
a Because the OCID study population was born in years 2001 and later, we only observe partial enrollment in grade 10 for 2016-17, and do not yet observe grade 11 and 12 student cohorts.
b Source: https://www.oregon.gov/ode/reports-and-data/students/pages/attendance-and-absenteeism.aspx

Dashboard Attribute Descriptions

Year

Filter Values:

Annual, 2001 – 2017

Source:

Varies

Notes:

Generally speaking, a year represents the calendar year. For education-related indicators, the year refers to the fall start to the academic year, e.g. 2016 refers to the 2016-17 school year.

Some indicators do not apply to the full OCID study period. This can happen for policy or practical reasons. For example:

  • [Policy] Oregon’s Kindergarten Assessment: Approaches to Learning was initiated in 2013; hence, results are not available in  prior years
  • [Practical] Most students are 8-9 years old in 3rd grade. Since the oldest members of the OCID child cohort were born in 2001, we do not observe 3rd grade assessments until the 2009-10 school year.

Grade

Filter Values:

Kindergarten – 12th

Source:

Oregon Department of Education

Notes:

  • For education indicators, determined based on enrolled grade at the time of the “event”
  • For all other indicators, determined as of Dec. 31 of the calendar year
  • Not applicable to all indicators
  • Since the oldest members of the OCID child cohort were born in 2001, and the OCID dataset current includes education data through 2016-17, we currently do not observe students in grades 10-12.

County

Filter Values:

Oregon’s 36 counties

Source:

Varies

Notes:

  • Each child is initially assigned the county recorded on their birth record, which represents the county where the birth took place, not necessarily the county of residence. When a child has an encounter with another state agency (e.g. Medicaid enrollment or enrollment in kindergarten), the county is updated based on the new information, and the updated information is applied going forward.

Rurality

Filter Values:

Tri-County, Urban, Rural

Source:

Varies (based on “County”)

Notes:

Using the attributed county, levels are defined by:

  • Tri-County– The three counties comprising the Portland metropolitan region: Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas
  • Urban – Non-Metro counties whose largest city has a population of 50,000 or more: Benton, Deschutes, Jackson, Lane, Linn, Marion, Polk
  • Rural – Counties whose largest city has a population fewer than 50,000: Baker, Clatsop, Columbia, Coos, Crook, Curry, Douglas, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Hood River, Jefferson, Josephine, Klamath, Lake, Lincoln, Malheur, Morrow, Sherman, Tillamook, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, Wheeler, Wasco, Yamhill

CCO Service Area

Filter Values:

Oregon’s 15 Coordinated Care Organizations (CCO) under the Health Authority’s CCO 2.0 contract period effective Jan. 1, 2020

Source:

Varies (based on “County”)

Notes:

  • A coordinated care organization (CCO) is a network of multiple types of health care providers (e.g. physical health, mental and behavioral health, dental health) who collaborate to serve local community members receiving health care through the Oregon Health Plan, i.e. Medicaid. Visit the Oregon Health Plan website for more information about CCOs.
  • Using the attributed county from above, CCO service areas are defined in accordance with CCO 2.0 counties served. If a CCO operates in any part of a county (i.e., select zip codes), this filter will select the full county encompassing the official CCO service area. This is necessary as zip code level assignment is not available for all individuals in the OCID population. A child does not have to be enrolled in the CCO/Medicaid to be considered as residing in the CCO service area.
  • The purpose of this attribute is to provide a population health view within the broad CCO service areas.

Age

Filter Values:

0, 1, 2, 3 etc.

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • Determined as of December 31 of the calendar year.

Sex/Gender

Filter Values:

Male, Female

Source:

Varies

Notes:

  • Each child is initially assigned the sex recorded on their birth record. When a child has an encounter with another state agency (e.g. Medicaid enrollment or enrollment in kindergarten) that indicates a different sex/gender, this field is updated with the most recent information.
  • The OCID team is working with agency partners and project stakeholders to include non-binary gender identities in its reporting, as those data become available.

Race/Ethnicity

Filter Values:

American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Multi-racial/Other, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, White

Source:

Oregon Department of Education

Notes:

  • Currently, OCID is reporting race and ethnicity for ODE data. Most programs and agencies use different race and ethnicity categories that are not easily reconciled. The OCID team is working with agency partners and project stakeholders to resolve this challenge.
  • ODE is required to collect race and ethnicity data for all students. Self-reported information from parents or students is preferable but if that is not possible, staff must report ‘observed’ race and ethnicity.
  • First, ethnicity (Hispanic/Latino or not) is collected, followed by selection of as many race categories as appropriate.  Students identified as Hispanic/Latino will only be reported as such for their race/ethnicity, regardless of their race selection(s).
  • Students identified as more than one race (and not identified as Hispanic/Latino) will be reported as ‘multi-racial/other,’ even though it is not a specified category.
  • Students with missing data or data that does not conform to the standard reporting categories will be reported in the ‘multi-racial/other’ category.

Birth Weight

Filter Values:

Healthy Birth Weight, Low Birth Weight

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • ‘Healthy Birth Weight’ includes children born weighing more than 2,500 grams.
  • ‘Low Birth Weight’ includes children born weighing fewer than 2,500 grams. 

Prenatal Tobacco Use

Filter Values:

Prenatal Tobaccco Use, No Prenatal Tobacco Use

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • ‘Prenatal Tobacco Use’ includes children whose mothers indicated tobacco use during pregnancy.
  • ‘No Prenatal Tobacco Use’ includes children whose mothers did not indicate tobacco use during pregnancy.

Parents' Education

Filter Values:

Less than High School, High School Graduate or GED, Some College, College Graduate and/or Advanced Degree

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • The highest level of education attained by either birth parent at the time of the child’s birth, as recorded on the birth certificate.

Foster Care

Filter Values:

Foster Care, No Foster Care

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services

Notes:

  • Foster care is a temporary living situation, overseen by the Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS), for children who cannot be safely cared for by their parents or guardians. More information is available from the DHS website.
  • ‘Foster Care’ includes children with any duration of foster care placement during the calendar year.
  • ‘No Foster Care’ includes children with no foster care placement during the calendar year.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

Medicaid-funded Birth

Filter Values:

Medicaid-funded Birth, Not a Medicaid-funded Birth

Source:

Oregon Health Authority

Notes:

  • Medicaid is a federal/state partnership to provide free health care coverage for people with low incomes who also meet other eligibility requirements. Oregon’s Medicaid program is called the Oregon Health Plan. Please visit the Oregon Health Plan website for additional information.
  • ‘Medicaid-funded Birth’ includes births where either the child or mother is enrolled in Medicaid during the month of birth.
  • ‘Not a Medicaid-funded Birth’ includes births where neither the child nor mother is enrolled in Medicaid during the month of birth.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

TANF

Filter Values:

TANF, No TANF

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services

Notes:

  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a state-run program that provides cash assistance to families with low incomes. Please visit Oregon’s TANF website for more information.
  • ‘TANF’ includes children with any duration of TANF enrollment during the calendar year.
  • ‘No TANF’ includes children with no TANF enrollment during the calendar year.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

SNAP

Filter Levels:

SNAP, No SNAP

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services

Notes:

  • The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides nutrition assistance to families and individuals with low incomes. Find more information at Oregon’s SNAP website.
  • ‘SNAP’ includes children with any duration of SNAP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • ‘No SNAP’ includes children with no SNAP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

Medicaid/CHIP

Filter Values:

Medicaid/CHIP, No Medicaid/CHIP

Source:

Oregon Health Authority

Notes:

  • Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) are federal/state partnerships to provide free or low-cost health care coverage for people with low incomes who also meet other eligibility requirements. Oregon’s programs are called the Oregon Health Plan. Please visit the Oregon Health Plan website for additional information.
  • ‘Medicaid/CHIP’ includes children with any duration of Medicaid or CHIP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • ‘No Medicaid/CHIP’ includes children with no Medicaid or CHIP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • Note, these calculations differ from the Oregon Health Authority’s approach which calculates Medicaid/CHIP enrollment at the 15th of each month.

School Attendance

Filter Values:

Regular Attenders, Chronically Absent

Source:

Oregon Department of Education

Notes:

  • ‘Regular Attenders’ are students who are present more than 90% of instructional days in a school year.
  • ‘Chronically Absent’ students are present 90% or fewer instructional days in a school year.
  • Data only represent K-12 public school students in OCID.
  • For more information, please visit the Technical Dictionary entry for the School Attendance outcome measure.

 

Student Homelessness

Filter Values:

Homeless, Not Homeless

Source:

Oregon Department of Education

Notes:

  • Student homelessness is defined by the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (Act). The Act identifies homeless students as individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. This definition includes: sharing the housing of other people (“doubling-up”); living in emergency or transitional shelters; living in motels, hotels or camp grounds; and living in vehicles, public spaces, abandoned buildings, or substandard housing. Homeless ‘unaccompanied minors,’ or youth who have been abandoned or run away from home are also included under the Act. Please visit the Oregon Department of Education McKinney-Vento Act webpage for additional information. 
  • ‘Homeless’ includes public K-12 students identified as experiencing homelessness at any point during the academic year.
  • ‘Not Homeless’ includes public K-12 students who were not identified as experiencing homelessness during the academic year.  

Child Maltreatment

Filter Values:

Maltreatment, No Maltreatment

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services

Notes:

  • Cases of child maltreatment are ‘substantiated’ when the Department of Human Services (DHS) investigates a report and determines that maltreatment has occurred. Types of maltreatment include neglect, threat of harm, physical abuse, sexual abuse, and mental injury. Please visit the DHS Child Welfare website for more information.
  • ‘Maltreatment’ includes any children with any instances of substantiated maltreatment during the calendar year.
  • ‘No Maltreatment’ includes children without instances of substantiated maltreatment during the calendar year.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations.