Child Well-being Dashboard Technical Dictionary

Child Well-being Dashboard Population

The OCID Child Well-being Dashboard (“Dashboard”) population is defined as Oregon-resident births from 2001 onwards, including infants along with their parents as identified on the birth certificate. This construction has important implications to the cohort composition:

  • The population grows over time, as more children are born into it (thereby adding their parents).
  • The population is by definition restricted to “Oregon-born” children and does not include the estimated 22% of Oregon residents under 18 years who were born outside of Oregon (or their parents).

To the extent that Dashboard information does not align with results published by state agencies or programs, the strongest explanatory factor is oftentimes the fact that the Dashboard does not represent complete program enrollment.

Dashboard Indicator Descriptions

Birth Weight

Visit the Birth Weight dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Total live births in Oregon, to mothers residing in Oregon (“Oregon-resident births”)

Numerator:

Healthy Birth Weight: birth weight is 2,500 grams or more
Low Birth Weight: birth weight is fewer than 2,500 grams

Source:

Oregon Health Authority (OHA), Public Health Division, Vital Records – Center for Health Statistics (birth certificates)

Other notes:

  • Given that this indicator is measured at the time of birth, the “county” view, when applied to this indicator, relies solely on the birth county as indicated on the birth certificate. The birth county may or may not correspond to the county of residence – for example, the county of residence may not have a hospital or the mother may have been travelling at the time of birth. Counties without a hospital may have too few births to meet public reporting criteria.

Comparison of OCID* to OHA Public Health Division calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the OHA website.

OCID – Low Birth Weight
    Low birth weight (< 2,500 g)
Birth year Total births Count Rate per 1,000 births
2001 44,580 2,450 55
2002 44,470 2,550 57
2003 45,170 2,750 61
2004 44,810 2,670 60
2005 45,120 2,740 61
2006 47,710 2,860 60
2007 48,480 2,940 61
2008 48,200 2,900 60
2009 46,340 2,880 62
2010 44,720 2,780 62
2011 44,260 2,670 60
2012 44,170 2,680 61
2013 44,210 2,760 62
2014 44,680 2,780 62
2015 44,710 2,820 63
2016 44,590 2,870 64
2017 42,760 2,890 68
2018 41,320 2,720 66
2019 40,970 2,690 66
2020 39,010 2,530 65
Public Health a – Low Birth Weight
    Low birth weight (< 2,500 g)
Birth year Total births Count Rate per 1,000 births
2001 45,320 2,520 56
2002 45,190 2,620 58
2003 45,940 2,820 61
2004 45,660 2,760 61
2005 45,910 2,810 61
2006 48,680 2,970 61
2007 49,370 3,010 61
2008 46,120 2,980 61
2009 47,190 2,970 63
2010 45,600 2,870 63
2011 45,140 2,770 61
2012 45,060 2,780 62
2013 45,140 2,850 63
2014 45,560 2,850 63
2015 45,660 2,930 64
2016 45,530 2,980 66
2017 43,630 2,980 68
2018 42,180 2,830 67
2019 41,860 2,810 67
2020 39,820 2,610 66

Medicaid Well-Child Visits Ages 3-6 Years

Visit the Medicaid Well-Child Visits Ages 3-6 Years dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born children who turned 3, 4, 5 or 6 years old during the measurement year, and were enrolled in the Oregon Health Plan (i.e. Medicaid/CHIP) at least 11 of the 12 months that preceded their birthday

Numerator:

Children from the denominator who had a well-child visit in the 12 months prior to their birthday

Source:

Oregon Health Authority (OHA)

Other notes:

Several factors will explain differences between OCID reported results for this measure, and results reported by the OHA in the context of the state’s Coordinated Care Organizations (CCOs). These include:

  • The OCID population includes children with fee-for-service (FFS) enrollment; OHA metrics are restricted to children enrolled in CCOs.
  • CCOs may report corrections to OHA (e.g., based on chart review) to improve their scores. As a result, CCO’s may report higher results than OCID, which does not include these corrections.
  • OCID calculates “continuous enrollment” across plans and plan types, whereas OHA reporting makes this calculation within the context of individual managed care plans (e.g., CCOs).
  • This measure is calculated based on administrative claims and enrollment data, which are continually updated as health plans and providers process claims for services that may have occurred months or even years in the past. As a result, calculations may differ depending on the source date on which data were extracted.

Comparison of OCID* to OHA calculations:

Because OCID only contains data for children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from official agency calculations. The tables below compare the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the OHA website.

OCID – Well-Child Visits: Ages 3-6
Had a well-child visit
Year Total children a Count %
2001 b
2002 b
2003 b
2004 b
2005 b
2006 b
2007 32,990 16,250 49.2
2008 36,080 18,330 50.8
2009 44,610 23,840 53.4
2010 55,490 29,940 54.0
2011 65,540 35,420 54.0
2012 69,190 37,510 54.2
2013 69,890 38,620 55.3
2014 78,320 42,960 54.9
2015 69,130 39,230 56.8
2016 67,340 39,920 59.3
2017 67,550 43,160 63.9
2018 68,730 44,830 65.2
2019 68,460 45,470 66.4
OHA c – Well-Child Visits: Ages 3-6
Had a well-child visit
Year Total children Count %
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018 66.5
2019 65,490 44,930 68.6

Foster Care Participation: Early Childhood

Visit the Foster Care Participation dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born children ages 0 through 4 during the measurement year

Numerator:

Children who experience one or more foster care placements during the measurement year

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS)

Other notes:

  • The indicator does not distinguish between children with one placement and children with multiple placements.
  • OCID denominator is based on all Oregon-resident births. Some of these children will have moved out of the state prior to age 5, but may still be counted in the denominator. As a result, our denominator is likely to be inflated respective to the number of children actually living in the state and “eligible” for Oregon foster care placements. This dynamic will likely result in underreporting the actual rate of foster care participation among Oregon-born children.

Comparison of OCID* to Oregon DHS calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the DHS website.

OCID – Foster Care Participation: Ages 0-4
≥ 1 foster care placement
Year Total children Count %
2001 a
2002 a
2003 a
2004 a
2005 224,150 4,890 2.2
2006 227,270 4,660 2.0
2007 231,290 4,300 1.9
2008 234,320 3,960 1.7
2009 235,840 3,720 1.6
2010 235,440 3,750 1.6
2011 231,990 3,620 1.6
2012 227,680 3,540 1.6
2013 223,700 3,480 1.6
2014 222,040 3,190 1.4
2015 222,030 3,060 1.4
2016 222,370 3,100 1.5
2017 220,960 3,340 1.6
DHS – Foster Care Particiption: Ages 0-5
≥ 1 foster care placement
Year Total children b Count c %
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009 284,210 5,190 1.8
2010 284,960 5,170 1.8
2011 284,820 5,030 1.8
2012 282,150 4,720 1.7
2013 279,780 4,680 1.7
2014 278,780 4,280 1.5
2015 279,770 4,330 1.5
2016 282,020 4,410 1.6
2017 281,370 4,710 1.7

Child Maltreatment: Early Childhood

Visit the Child Maltreatment dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born children ages 0 through 4 during the measurement year

Numerator:

Children experiencing substantiated child maltreatment during the measurement year

 

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS)

Other notes:

  • OCID denominator is based on all Oregon resident births. Some of these children will have moved out of the state prior to age 5, but may still be counted in the denominator. As a result, the denominator is likely to be inflated respective to the number of children actually living in the state and “eligible” for reports of maltreatment with Oregon’s DHS. This dynamic will likely result in underreporting the rate of maltreatment among Oregon-born children.

Comparison of OCID* to DHS calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the DHS website.

OCID – Child Maltreatment: Ages 0-4
    Substantiated maltreatment
Year Total children Count %
2001 a
2002 a
2003 a
2004 a
2005 224,150 3,850 1.7
2006 227,270 3,870 1.7
2007 231,290 2,600 1.1
2008 234,320 3,620 1.5
2009 235,840 3,840 1.6
2010 235,440 3,960 1.7
2011 231,990 4,090 1.8
2012 227,680 3,850 1.7
2013 223,700 3,290 1.5
2014 222,040 3,610 1.6
2015 222,030 3,630 1.6
2016 222,370 3,810 1.7
2017 220,960 4,370 2.0
2018 218,060 3,730 1.7
2019 214,340 3,210 1.5
DHS – Child Maltreatment: Ages 0-5
    Substantiated maltreatment
Year Total children b Count c %
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005 226,120 4,850 2.2
2006 228,630 5,160 2.3
2007 232,940 4,620 2.0
2008 236,050 4,420 1.9
2009 237,520 4,680 2.0
2010 237,620 4,700 2.0
2011 236,400 4,890 2.1
2012 233,570 4,180 1.8
2013 231,070 4,450 1.9
2014 231,210 3,980 1.7
2015 231,850 4,210 1.8
2016 234,040 4,750 2.0
2017 233,740 4,360 1.9
2018 230,370 4,760 2.1
2019 225,950 4,880 2.2

Kindergarten Assessment: Approaches to Learning & Early Literacy

Visit the Kindergarten Assessment dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Total students with a valid Kindergarten Assessment by component.

Average score:

Reported measure is the average (mean) raw score. Scores from each component are depicted along a developmental continuum that describes the skills typical students should be able to demonstrate upon entry to kindergarten. This continuum varies by component.

Approaches to Learning: Average score across the 15-item Child Behavior Rating Scale (CBRS), with each individual item and the final average reported on a 1-5 scale

  • Developing: score between 1.00-2.90
  • Approaching: score between 2.91-3.99
  • Demonstrating: score between 4.00-5.00

Early Literacy:

Uppercase English Letters: Average score out of a total of 26 possible points

  • Developing: identify 0-7 uppercase letters
  • Approaching: identify 8-17 uppercase letters
  • Demonstrating: identify 18 or more uppercase letters

Lowercase English Letters: Average score out of a total of 26 possible points

  • Developing: identify 0-4 lowercase letters
  • Approaching: identify 5-14 lowercase letters
  • Demonstrating: identify 15 or more lowercase letters

English Letter Sounds: Average score out of a total of 26 possible points

  • Developing: identify 0-3 sounds
  • Approaching: identify 4-6 sounds
  • Demonstrating: identify 7 or more sounds

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • OCID reports data for the Early Literacy assessment starting in 2016 because this is when Oregon Department of Education first released interpretive guidance. Additionally, the assessment itself has remained the same since this time.
  • OCID reports data for the Approaches to Learning assessment starting in 2013 because the assessment has remained constant over time and interpretative guidance has been available since this time.

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – Kindergarten Assessment:
Approaches to Learning
School year Total students Average score
2013-14 33,630 3.7
2014-15 33,000 3.7
2015-16 32,330 3.6
2016-17 32,060 3.6
2017-18 32,240 3.6
2018-19 31,980 3.6
2019-20 31,930 3.6
ODE a – Kindergarten Assessment:
Approaches to Learning
School year Total students Average score
2013-14 41,330 3.6
2014-15 40,680 3.7
2015-16 40,390 3.6
2016-17 40,770 3.6
2017-18 40,970 3.6
2018-19 41,010 3.6
2019-20 41,110 3.6
OCID – Kindergarten Assessment:
Early Literacy
School year Total students Average score
English Letter Sounds
2013-14 33,080 6.5
2014-15 32,620 6.4
2015-16 31,930 7.1
2016-17 31,600 8.7
2017-18 31,820 7.9
English Letter Names
2013-14 33,060 18.1
2014-15 32,610 17.3
2015-16 31,920 18.0
2016-17 Uppercase: 31,570 14.5
Lowercase: 31,560 12.2
2017-18 Uppercase: 31,940 14.1
Lowercase: 31,630 11.8
2018-19 Uppercase: 31,760 14.0
Lowercase: 31,740 11.4
2019-20 Uppercase: 31,890 14.0
ODE a – Kindergarten Assessment:
Early Literacy
School year Total students Average score
English Letter Sounds
2013-14 40,360 6.7
2014-15 39,850 6.6
2015-16 39,300 7.4
2016-17 40,080 8.9
2017-18 40,380 8.2
English Letter Names
2013-14 40,730 18.5
2014-15 39,990 17.7
2015-16 39,800 18.5
2016-17 Uppercase: 40,330 14.8
Lowercase: 40,310 12.5
2017-18 Uppercase: 40,490 14.5
Lowercase: 40,470 12.1
2018-19 Uppercase: 40,590 14.3
Lowercase: 40,570 11.7
2019-20 Uppercase: 40,900 14.3

3rd Grade Assessments: Reading & Math

Visit the 3rd Grade Assessment dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Total 3rd grade students with a valid assessment

Numerator:

Meets 3rd Grade Reading/Math: count of students meeting or exceeding grade-level proficiency
Below 3rd Grade Reading/Math: count of students below grade-level proficiency

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • Some students are assessed multiple times in a single academic year. Under the guidance of Oregon’s Department of Education (ODE), we have applied the following business rules to select a single assessment result per student:
    • Enrolled grade = 3
    • Student is enrolled on May 1
    • Assessment is the student’s “best” result
    • Assessment is valid
    • Student is not a first-year English language learner
  • In the 2011-12 school year, Oregon public schools increased the threshold for meeting 3rd Grade Reading standards, from a score of 204 to a score of 211. The 3rd Grade Math standards did not have a scoring change. In the 2014-15 school year, Oregon public schools changed to new 3rd Grade Reading and Math assessments, from the OAKS tool to Smarter Balanced. Results before and after these changes are not directly comparable. Under ODE’s guidance we are reporting longitudinal performance with appropriate annotations to inform the user of relevant changes that may drive measure results.

We were not able to apply the business rule pertaining to students who didn’t test because our data did not include the required field; ODE has informed us that the number of cases excluded by this field are “negligible to non-existent in all years.”

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – 3rd Grade Reading
Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 a
2006-07 a
2007-08 a
2008-09 a
2009-10 19,270 16,340 84.8
2010-11 30,030 25,760 85.8
2011-12 30,770 22,010 71.5
2012-13 30,760 20,840 67.7
2013-14 30,940 20,650 66.7
2014-15 32,390 14,530 44.9
2015-16 33,560 15,620 46.6
2016-17 33,630 14,800 44.0
2017-18 32,610 14,900 45.7
2018-19 31,720 14,280 45.0
ODE b – 3rd Grade Reading
Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 87.1
2006-07 81.5
2007-08
2008-09 82.8
2009-10 82.8
2010-11 83.4
2011-12 70.1
2012-13 66.4
2013-14 66.0
2014-15 45.6
2015-16 43,980 20,700 47.4
2016-17 44,250 19,830 45.2
2017-18 42,820 20,000 47.0
2018-19 42,300 19,510 46.5
OCID – 3rd Grade Math
Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 a
2006-07 a
2007-08 a
2008-09 a
2009-10 19,359 15,472 79.9
2010-11 30,111 19,316 64.1
2011-12 30,771 20,049 65.2
2012-13 30,938 19,313 62.4
2013-14 31,070 18,551 59.7
2014-15 32,254 14,569 45.0
2015-16 33,470 15,720 47.0
2016-17 33,530 15,000 44.7
ODE c – 3rd Grade Math
Meets/exceeds
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 86.2
2006-07 69.4
2007-08
2008-09 76.5
2009-10 78.5
2010-11 62.7
2011-12 63.9
2012-13 61.4
2013-14 60.0
2014-15 45.6
2015-16 43,860 20,670 47.5
2016-17 44,080 20,010 45.8

9th Grade On-Track to Graduate

Visit the 9th Grade On-Track to Graduate dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born, first-time 9th grade students in Oregon public education

Numerator:

On-Track: students who earned at least 25% of regular graduation credits by the start of their 10th grade year
Off-Track: students who had not earned at least 25% of regular graduation credits by the start of their 10th grade year

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • Students must have an enrollment segment beginning prior to May 1 and ending after May 2, in a standard instruction program (i.e., not college or alternative programs).
  • Indicator does not include students that attend home or private schools, or were born outside of Oregon – hence smaller denominators than the total enrollment reported by ODE.

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data for children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from official agency calculations. The tables below compare the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – 9th Grade On-Track to Graduate
On-track to graduate
School year Total students Count %
2013-14 a
2014-15 a
2015-16 a
2016-17 30,410 24,530 80.7
2017-18 31,140 25,440 81.7
2018-19 31,630 25,790 81.5
ODE b – 9th Grade On-Track to Graduate
On-track to graduate
School year Total students Count %
2013-14 79.0
2014-15 80.0
2015-16 83.5
2016-17 83.4
2017-18 84.5
2018-19 c 43,160 85.3

Students Experiencing Houselessness

Visit the Student Houselessness dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born students enrolled in Oregon public K-12 education at any point during the academic year

Numerator:

Houseless: Students identified as experiencing houselessness (McKinney-Vento eligible) for any duration of the academic year; includes students residing in shared housing (“doubling up”), shelters, motels/hotels, and unsheltered
Not houseless: Students not identified as experiencing houselessness (McKinney-Vento eligible) during the academic year

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • Students who have migrated into the state (i.e. non-Oregon resident births) are more likely to represent racial/ethnic minorities. ODE reporting shows that non-white students, with the exception of Asian students, experience houselessness in greater proportions. This may partially explain OCID’s lower percentage of reported houselessness, relative to ODE reported figures.
  • OCID includes Oregon resident births from 2001 forward. As a result, OCID totals prior to the 2019-20 school year represent a younger age/grade demographic than complete statewide figures.

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – Student Houselessness
Houseless
School year Total students Count %
2005-06 a
2006-07 a
2007-08 a
2008-09 a
2009-10 a
2010-11 a
2011-12 a
2012-13 197,910 5,610 2.8
2013-14 232,870 6,860 2.9
2014-15 266,770 8,230 3.1
2015-16 299,930 9,350 3.1
2016-17 354,140 11,400 3.2
2017-18 386,370 11,680 3.0
2018-19 417,010 13,210 3.2
2019-20 429,750 13,170 3.1
ODE b – Student Houselessness
Houseless
School year Total students Count %
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08 559,710 15,860 2.8
2008-09 558,520 18,050 3.2
2009-10 556,170 19,040 3.4
2010-11 558,560 20,550 3.7
2011-12 558,060 20,370 3.7
2012-13 563,710 18,170 3.2
2013-14 564,240 18,900 3.3
2014-15 570,860 20,520 3.6
2015-16 575,790 21,340 3.7
2016-17 578,380 22,540 3.9
2017-18 580,170 21,750 3.8
2018-19 22,220 3.9
2019-20 582,660 21,080 3.6

School Attendance

Visit the School Attendance dashboard display.

Denominator (eligible population):

Oregon-born students enrolled in Oregon public K-12 education for at least 75 instructional days in an academic year

Numerator:

Regular Attendance: students present more than 90% of instructional days
Chronic Absence: students present 90% or fewer instructional days

Source:

Oregon Department of Education (ODE)

Other notes:

  • “Instructional days” are calculated individually for each student as the sum of “present days” + “absent days” across all enrollment segments (e.g. in the case of attending multiple schools) during the academic year.
  • Indicator excludes students for whom grade is unknown or unclassified (“UE”).
  • Indicator does not include students that attend home or private schools, or were born outside of Oregon – hence smaller denominators than the total enrollment reported by ODE.

Comparison of OCID* to ODE calculations:

Because OCID only contains data on children born in Oregon, OCID results for each indicator will vary from the official agency calculations. The tables below compares the two sources. For Oregon’s official calculation of this indicator, please visit the ODE website.

OCID – Regular Attendance, 2016-17
Regular attendance
Grade Total students Count %
KG 32,200 25,370 78.8
1 33,480 27,810 83.1
2 34,430 29,360 85.3
3 35,230 30,150 85.6
4 34,780 29,780 85.6
5 33,280 28,480 85.6
6 31,660 26,250 82.9
7 31,300 24,990 79.9
8 30,910 23,940 77.5
9 30,300 23,300 76.9
10 a 18,960 13,800 72.8
11 a
12 a
ODE b – Regular Attendance, 2016-17
Regular attendance
Grade Total students Count %
KG 40,260 31,920 79.3
1 41,460 34,570 83.4
2 42,830 36,550 85.3
3 44,440 38,220 86.0
4 44,500 38,390 86.3
5 43,690 37,610 86.1
6 42,260 35,650 84.4
7 42,380 34,720 81.9
8 42,180 33,580 79.6
9 42,050 33,620 79.9
10 41,950 31,610 75.3
11 40,010 28,510 71.3
12 40,130 25,040 62.4

Dashboard Attribute Descriptions

Year

Values:

Annual, 2001 – 2019

Source:

Varies

Notes:

Generally speaking, a year represents the calendar year. For education-related indicators, the year refers to the fall start to the academic year, e.g. 2016 refers to the 2016-17 school year.

Some indicators do not apply to the full OCID study period. This can happen for policy or practical reasons. For example:

  • [Policy] Oregon’s Kindergarten Assessment: Approaches to Learning was initiated in 2013; hence, results are not available in  prior years
  • [Practical] Most students are 8-9 years old in 3rd grade. Since the oldest members of the OCID child cohort were born in 2001, we do not observe 3rd grade assessments until the 2009-10 school year.

Grade

Values:

Kindergarten – 12th

Source:

Oregon Department of Education

Notes:

  • Determined based on enrolled grade at the time of the “event”
  • Not applicable to all indicators

County

Values:

Oregon’s 36 counties

Source:

Varies

Notes:

  • Each child is initially assigned the county recorded on their birth record, which represents the county where the birth took place, not necessarily the county of residence. When a child has an encounter with another state agency (e.g. Medicaid enrollment or enrollment in kindergarten), the county is updated based on the new information, and the updated information is applied going forward.

Rurality

Values:

Tri-county, Urban, Rural

Source:

Varies (based on “County”)

Notes:

Using the attributed county, levels are defined by:

  • Tri-county– The three counties comprising the Portland metropolitan region: Clackamas, Multnomah, Washington
  • Urban – Non-Metro counties whose largest city has a population of 50,000 or more: Benton, Deschutes, Jackson, Lane, Linn, Marion, Polk
  • Rural – Counties whose largest city has a population fewer than 50,000: Baker, Clatsop, Columbia, Coos, Crook, Curry, Douglas, Gilliam, Grant, Harney, Hood River, Jefferson, Josephine, Klamath, Lake, Lincoln, Malheur, Morrow, Sherman, Tillamook, Umatilla, Union, Wallowa, Wheeler, Wasco, Yamhill

CCO Service Area

Values:

Oregon’s 15 Coordinated Care Organizations (CCO) under the Health Authority’s CCO 2.0 contract period effective Jan. 1, 2020

Source:

Varies (based on “County”)

Notes:

  • A coordinated care organization (CCO) is a network of multiple types of health care providers (e.g. physical health, mental and behavioral health, dental health) who collaborate to serve local community members receiving health care through the Oregon Health Plan, i.e. Medicaid. Visit the Oregon Health Plan website for more information about CCOs.
  • Using the attributed county from above, CCO service areas are defined in accordance with CCO 2.0 counties served. If a CCO operates in any part of a county (i.e., select zip codes), this filter will select the full county encompassing the official CCO service area. This is necessary as zip code level assignment is not available for all individuals in the OCID population. A child does not have to be enrolled in the CCO/Medicaid to be considered as residing in the CCO service area.
  • The purpose of this attribute is to provide a population health view within the broad CCO service areas.

Age

Values:

0, 1, 2, 3 etc.

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • Determined as of December 31 of the calendar year.

Sex/Gender

Values:

Male, Female

Source:

Varies

Notes:

  • For reporting sex/gender, OCID initially uses the sex recorded on a child’s birth certificate. When a child has an encounter with another state agency (e.g. Medicaid enrollment or enrollment in kindergarten) that indicates a different sex/gender, this field is updated with the most recent information.
  • The OCID team is working with agency partners and project stakeholders to include nonbinary gender identities in its reporting, as those data become available.

Race/Ethnicity

Filter Values:

American Indian/Alaskan Native (AI/AN); Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (NH/PI); Black/African American (Black/AA); Asian; Hispanic/Latinx; White; Other race.

Source:

OCID methodology combines race and ethnicity information from vital statistics, education, Medicaid, and child welfare records. See Race and Ethnicity Data Overview for more information.

Notes:

  • Most programs and agencies have different data definitions, collection, and reporting for race and ethnicity, which are not easily reconciled. To consistently report race and ethnicity information across data sources, OCID developed a methodology to select information for individuals when there are multiple options within and across points in time. The OCID methodology was developed in consultation with agency partners and community stakeholders and it will continue to be refined as data collection and reporting strategies evolve within state agencies.
  • When multiple race and ethnicity selections existed within or across sources by year, identification was favored in the following order:
    • American Indian/Alaskan Native;
    • Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander;
    • Black/African American;
    • Asian;
    • Hispanic/Latinx;
    • White;
    • Other race.
  • Individuals with Hispanic/Latinx ethnicity and White race comprise the Hispanic/Latinx category.
  • Individuals with Hispanic/Latinx ethnicity and non-White race remain in the identified race category (e.g., individual with Black race and Hispanic/Latinx ethnicity remains in the Black category).
  • The “Other race” category comes from the birth record (mother’s race) and is only available for children who did not have any directly observed race or ethnicity categories from any other data sources, and whose mothers did not identify with categories listed on the birth record. As such, not all dashboards will have the “Other race” category available.

Birth Weight

Values:

Healthy Birth Weight, Low Birth Weight

Detailed Values:

Very Low Birth Weight

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • ‘Healthy Birth Weight’ includes children born weighing more than 2,500 grams
  • ‘Low Birth Weight’ includes children born weighing fewer than 2,500 grams
  • ‘Very Low Birth Weight’ includes children born weighing fewer than 1,500 grams

Prenatal Tobacco Use

Values:

Prenatal Tobacco Use, No Prenatal Tobacco Use

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • ‘Prenatal Tobacco Use’ includes children whose mothers indicated tobacco use during pregnancy.
  • ‘No Prenatal Tobacco Use’ includes children whose mothers did not indicate tobacco use during pregnancy.

Parents' Education

Values:

No High School Diploma, High School Diploma or GED, Some College, Bachelor Degree, Graduate Degree, College Degree+

Source:

Oregon Health Authority Vital Records (birth certificate)

Notes:

  • The highest level of education attained by either birth parent at the time of the child’s birth, as recorded on the birth certificate.
  • ‘College Degree+’ includes parents who indicated on the birth certificate they had a Bachelor Degree and/or Graduate Degree at the time of the child’s birth.

Foster Care

Values:

Foster Care, No Foster Care

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services

Notes:

  • Foster care is a temporary living situation, overseen by the Oregon Department of Human Services (DHS), for children who cannot be safely cared for by their parents or guardians. More information is available from the DHS website.
  • ‘Foster Care’ includes children with any duration of foster care placement during the calendar year.
  • ‘No Foster Care’ includes children with no foster care placement during the calendar year.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

Medicaid-funded Birth

Values:

Medicaid-funded Birth, Not a Medicaid-funded Birth

Source:

Oregon Health Authority

Notes:

  • Medicaid is a federal/state partnership to provide free health care coverage for people with low incomes who also meet other eligibility requirements. Oregon’s Medicaid program is called the Oregon Health Plan. Please visit the Oregon Health Plan website for additional information.
  • ‘Medicaid-funded Birth’ includes births where either the child or mother is enrolled in Medicaid during the month of birth.
  • ‘Not a Medicaid-funded Birth’ includes births where neither the child nor mother is enrolled in Medicaid during the month of birth.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

TANF

Values:

TANF, No TANF

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services

Notes:

  • Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) is a state-run program that provides cash assistance to families with low incomes. Please visit Oregon’s TANF website for more information.
  • ‘TANF’ includes children with any duration of TANF enrollment during the calendar year.
  • ‘No TANF’ includes children with no TANF enrollment during the calendar year.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

SNAP

Levels:

SNAP, No SNAP

Source:

Oregon Department of Human Services

Notes:

  • The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) provides nutrition assistance to families and individuals with low incomes. Find more information at Oregon’s SNAP website.
  • ‘SNAP’ includes children with any duration of SNAP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • ‘No SNAP’ includes children with no SNAP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • Note, this may differ from agency calculations of program participation.

Medicaid/CHIP

Values:

Medicaid/CHIP, No Medicaid/CHIP

Source:

Oregon Health Authority

Notes:

  • Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) are federal/state partnerships to provide free or low-cost health care coverage for people with low incomes who also meet other eligibility requirements. Oregon’s programs are called the Oregon Health Plan. Please visit the Oregon Health Plan website for additional information.
  • ‘Medicaid/CHIP’ includes children with any duration of Medicaid or CHIP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • ‘No Medicaid/CHIP’ includes children with no Medicaid or CHIP enrollment during the calendar year.
  • Note, these calculations differ from the Oregon Health Authority’s approach which calculates Medicaid/CHIP enrollment at the 15th of each month.

School Attendance

Values:

Regular Attender, Chronically Absent

Detailed Values:

Severely Chronically Absent

Source:

Oregon Department of Education

Notes:

  • ‘Regular Attenders’ are students who are present more than 90% of school days in a school year.
  • ‘Chronically Absent’ students are present 90% or fewer school days in a school year.
  • ‘Severely Chronically Absent’ students are present 80% or fewer school days in a school year.
  • Data only represent K-12 public school students in OCID.
  • For more information, please visit the Technical Dictionary entry for the School Attendance indicator.

    Student Houselessness

    Values:

    Houseless, Not Houseless

    Detailed Values:

    Doubled up, Hotel/motel, Sheltered, Unsheltered

    Source:

    Oregon Department of Education

    Notes:

    • Student houselessness is defined by the federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act (Act). The Act identifies houseless students as individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. This definition includes: sharing the housing of other people (“doubling-up”); living in emergency or transitional shelters; living in motels, hotels or camp grounds; and living in vehicles, public spaces, abandoned buildings, or substandard housing. These categories are not mutually exclusive, as a student experiencing houselessness could experience multiple of these definitions in a single year. Houseless ‘unaccompanied minors,’ or youth who have been abandoned or run away from home are also included under the Act. Please visit the Oregon Department of Education McKinney-Vento Act webpage for additional information.
    • ‘Houseless’ includes public K-12 students identified as experiencing houselessness at any point during the academic year.
    • ‘Not Houseless’ includes public K-12 students who were not identified as experiencing houselessness during the academic year.

    School Discipline

    Values:

    Experienced school discipline, No school discipline experience

    Detailed Values:

    Disruptive behavior, Physical assault/attack, Property crimes, Sexual assault & battery, Substance abuse/misuse, Weapon possession, Other

    Source:

    Oregon Department of Education

    Notes:

    • Suspensions are instances when a student is temporarily removed from their regular classroom for disciplinary purposes. Suspensions can be ‘in-school,’ where the student remains under direct supervision from school personnel, or ‘out-of-school.’ Expulsions are disciplinary actions that remove a student from their regular school for longer periods than are allowed by out-of-school suspensions.
    • ‘Experienced school discipline’ includes public K-12 students in OCID who had at least one in-school suspension, out-of-school suspension, or expulsion at any point during the school year. It does not include students removed to an alternative setting.
    • ‘No school discipline experience’ includes public K-12 students in OCID who did not experience suspension (in-school or out-of-school) or expulsion during the school year.
    • The Oregon Department of Education reports discipline incidents in 7 offense categories represented in the above “detailed filter values.” These categories are not mutually exclusive, as a single discipline event can include multiple types of discipline.
      • ‘Disruptive behavior’ includes actions such as bullying, attendance violations, insubordination, sexual harassment, or intimidation.
      • ‘Physical assault/attack’ includes actions such as fighting, robbery, hate/bias crime, or school threat.
      • ‘Property crimes’ includes actions such as arson, burglary, theft, trespassing, or vandalism.
      • ‘Sexual assault & battery’ includes actions such as sexual assault, lewd behavior, or indecent exposure.
      • ‘Substance abuse/misuse’ includes actions such as liquor law violations, illegal drug possession, sale or use, or tobacco possession or use.
      • ‘Weapon possession’ includes possession of a firearm or other weapon.
      • ‘Other’ includes actions such as forgery or extortion.
    • Visit the Oregon Department of Education school discipline webpage for additional information.

    English Learner

    Values:

    English Learner, Not an English Learner

    Source:

    Oregon Department of Education

    Notes:

    • Being an ‘English Learner’ includes K-12 public school students whose administrative records indicate that they were ever eligible for services related to learning the English language during that school year.

    Special Education

    Values:

    Special education, No special education

    Source:

    Oregon Department of Education

    Notes:

    • ‘Special education’ includes K-12 public school students with an Individualized Education Program (IEP), a school system designation of having a disability that requires accommodations, at any point during the school year.
    • IEPs, authorized by federal law, specify how eligible students receive special education services, programs, and accommodations. The IEP disability categories are:
      • Autism spectrum disorder
      • Communication disorder
      • Deafblindness
      • Developmental delay
      • Emotional disturbance
      • Hearing impairment, including deafness
      • Intellectual disability
      • Orthopedic impairment
      • Other health impairment
      • Specific learning disability
      • Traumatic brain injury
      • Visual impairment, including blindness
    • Visit the Oregon Department of Education IEP website for additional information.

    Child Maltreatment

    Values:

    Maltreatment, No Maltreatment

    Detailed Values:

    Mental injury, Neglect, Physical abuse, Sex abuse, Sex trafficking, Threat of harm

    Source:

    Oregon Department of Human Services

    Notes:

    • Cases of child maltreatment are ‘substantiated’ when the Department of Human Services (DHS) investigates a report and determines that maltreatment has occurred. The ‘detailed values’ align with DHS reporting categories of substantiated maltreatment, which are not mutually exclusive as a child can experience multiple types of maltreatment in a single incident. Please visit the DHS Child Welfare website for more information.
    • ‘Maltreatment’ includes any children with any instances of substantiated maltreatment during the calendar year.
    • ‘No Maltreatment’ includes children without instances of substantiated maltreatment during the calendar year.
    • Note, this may differ from agency calculations.